It is evident from research electricity and magnetism, as all their manifestations of observable force, do not originate solely with movement of electrons. There are unseen or non-observable causative forces or influences that combined together manifest themselves as electricity and magnetism.
A metaphor may be in order. Humanity can manipulate a flowing stream of water as in damming and channeling water from streams and rivers to do good and useful work. Science saw the physical flowing water and devised ways to use that flow of molecular water put into motion by gravity. That was it - the 3D or Newtonian use of a force against a movable object like a waterwheel or to channel the water for irrigation purposes. In the early days humanity did not know how the heavy physical water came to be in the sky to fall upon his lands creating important flows of water. Not knowing the unseen portion of the cycle they attributed rain fall to beneficent "gods" to whom were offered praise and sacrifices - a truly superstitious time to be sure. The gods were than unseen forces and causes and these non-observable forces or causes were portrayed as gods with all kinds of anthropomorphic attributes.
The more awake and curious of humanity began to question everything and in this questioning created science or the desire to know. This early science worked with what it could physically see and feel and manipulate - the physical flowing molecular water. A brighter day occurred when science suspected, studied then understood the unseen part of the puzzle - that water evaporated from the oceans and smaller bodies of water, became a dispersed and tenuous light vapor, rose into the atmosphere where it subsequently cooled, condensed and fell back to the earth as rain. The complete cycle was understood. Today science knows gods do not provide rain fall but such can now be attributed to the non-sensual (but now measurable) and unseen forces or causes.
In today's science Scalar forces are considered and defined as non-observable, unseen, unmeasurable or imperceptible forces and causes that act to create the parts of physicality that we can see, feel and hear. One Hundread years ago it was not known the non-observable relative ionization of electrons and protons caused and participated in chemical actions and reactions. To the scientists of that period ionization was a non-observable force and considered "scalar" which some labeled "occult" force. These unseen forces were not suspected, not understood and represented a mystery to be solved which eventually did get solved and these unknown forces moved from the scalar or occult domain to the science and engineering domains. In other words what was considered mysterious and non-observable yesterday becomes observable and useful today. This continuing pushing back of unknowns is the progress of science.
Presently there is a world-wide effort to push back this realm of unknowns and bring new realities into comprehension and practical use. There are those who suspect and may even have a practical knowledge of some few of these unseen realms of force and energy. These ones are sounding the call to look into the unknown and the unseen by science and bring these suspected forces into practical use.
"The atomoles are made up of atomolini (singular atomolinus); the subdivision of matter from this point is beyond man's power, as at this point it escapes all control of apparatus, passing through glass and hardened steel as a luminous flame without heat, which is hardly seen before it vanishes, - a perpetual flame coldly luminous." Keely Dashed Against the Rock
Law of Vibrating Atomolic Substances
"Atoms are capable of vibrating within themselves at a pitch inversely as the Dyne (the local coefficient of Gravity), and as the atomic volume, directly as the atomic weight, producing the creative force (Electricity), whose transmissive force is propagated through atomolic solids, liquids, and gases, producing induction and the static effect of magnetism upon other atoms of attraction or repulsion, according to the Law of Harmonic Attraction and Repulsion.
Scholium: The phenomenon of Dynamic Electricity through a metallic conductor and of induction are identical. In a metallic conductor, the transmission is from atom to atom, through homologous interstices, filled with ether, presenting small areas in close proximity. In crystalline structures, heat, which expands the atoms, by twisting them produces striae, increases the resistance, etc. Between parallel wires and through air the induction takes place from large areas through a rarefied medium composed of a mixture of substances, whose atoms are separated by waves of repulsion of various pitches, discordant to electric vibrations; the said atoms sympathetically absorb the vibrations and dissipate from themselves, as centers, concentric waves of electric energy which produces heat and gravism." Keely
Law of Oscillating Atomoles
"Atomoles oscillating at a uniform pitch (determined by their uniform size and weight) produce the creative force Atomolity, whose transmissive form, Gravism, is propagated through more rarefied media, producing the static effect upon all other atomoles, denominated Gravity." Keely
Return to Keelys Forty Laws
[ADD details of three flows from KEELYS PHYSICAL PHILOSOPHY - Snell]
 Bearden on Tesla and EM Source Charge
14.15 - Movement Caused by Spirit
14.24 - Dominant causes Magnetism
16.25 - Magnetic Attraction caused by Dominant Current of Electrical Stream
17.01 - Discovering Cause of Gravity
18.00 - Mind as Cause
Cause and Its Effects
Figure 13.21 - Differential Pressure Zones in Antagonism cause Rotation
Figure 18.08 - One Still Mind of Cause before Differentiation
Mind Force the hidden Scalar Force
Scalar - Eric Dollard
SVP as Cause
Table of Cause and Effect Dualities