Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (German pronunciation: 28 August 1749 - 22 March 1832) was a German writer and polymath. Goethe is considered the supreme genius of modern German literature. Goethe's works span the fields of poetry, drama, literature, philosophy, and science. His Faust has been called the greatest long poem of modern European literature. Goethe's other well-known literary works include his numerous poems, the Bildungsroman Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship, and the epistolary novel The Sorrows of Young Werther.
Goethe was one of the key figures of German literature and the movement of Weimar Classicism in the late 18th and early 19th centuries; this movement coincides with Enlightenment, Sentimentality (Empfindsamkeit), Sturm und Drang and Romanticism. The author of the scientific text Theory of colors, his influential ideas on plant and animal morphology and homology were extended and developed by 19th century naturalists including Charles Darwin. He also served at length as the Privy Councilor of the duchy of Saxe-Weimar. (wikipedia)
Wolfgang Von Goethe's 'The Theory of colors' (1810) was rejected by the scientific world, because it did not agree with Sir Isaac Newton's principles of light. Newton's law states that when light passes through a prism, light separates into the colors of the rainbow spectrum. The law states that the colors already exist within the light, and the medium of the prism seperates them with refraction.
Goethe, through years of practical experiments with light and refraction, came to a different conclusion. Through his book, Goethe explains how the colors are not already existing within light, but are 'created' by refraction of a medium. The density of the medium determines the wavelength of color. A higher density medium produces colors from the higher end of the spectrum.
In terms of reflection, darker colors reflect less light. Black reflects no light. It absorbs it all. White reflects all of the light, and absorbs none. We think of light as white, but light is really invisible. It is a medium which refracts invisible light into color (white and black classed as colors). Invisible light exists within the darkness of space, but there are no atoms or molecules to refract color.
Darkness is wrongly assumed to be an absence of light. It is quite the opposite. Darkness absorbs light, reflecting none. Darkness is more accurately 'Dark Light.' aka hidden light. There is immense hidden power within the darkness of space. There is the discreet infinite power of the zero point vacuum field. The differences between Newton's theory of light, and Goethe's theory of colors are most noticeably the definition and role of darkness itself.
There is light and there is darkness... in between is an infinite array of colors (Some we see, some we cannot). All things have polar opposites. Gravity has inflation… light has darkness. Stars cannot shine without darkness. Stars cannot be created without the opposing pressures of darkness against light/matter. Creation cannot happen without light and darkness. Photosynthesis is a clear example. Everything needs darkness to grow, just as everything needs light.
The colors, which appear from light, are created by darkness moving against light. Light is too pure and divine for anyone to perceive it in its natural state. Darkness is needed to 'water down' pure light into the colors we see.
The Universe is all about polar opposites interchanging in a continuous state of flux. Light and darkness polarise in creation. This is a symbolic truth, but it extends far beyond symbolism and photosynthesis. In a true sense of nature, Light is the Aether, and Darkness is the Vacuum. The Aether and the vacuum polarise in creation. The vacuum is a pulse, which means it is a vibration… which means it is dark/discreet sound. Darkness and dark sound are the same polar opposite to Light (the Aether). source unknown