Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (German pronunciation: [ËˆjoËhan ËˆvÉ”lfÉ¡aÅ‹ fÉ”n ËˆÉ¡Ã¸ËtÉ™], 28 August 1749 â€“ 22 March 1832) was a German writer and polymath. Goethe is considered the supreme genius of modern German literature. Goethe's works span the fields of poetry, drama, literature, philosophy, and science. His Faust has been called the greatest long poem of modern European literature. Goethe's other well-known literary works include his numerous poems, the Bildungsroman Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship, and the epistolary novel The Sorrows of Young Werther.
Goethe was one of the key figures of German literature and the movement of Weimar Classicism in the late 18th and early 19th centuries; this movement coincides with Enlightenment, Sentimentality (Empfindsamkeit), Sturm und Drang and Romanticism. The author of the scientific text Theory of Colours, his influential ideas on plant and animal morphology and homology were extended and developed by 19th century naturalists including Charles Darwin. He also served at length as the Privy Councilor of the duchy of Saxe-Weimar. (wikipedia)