With low-level ultrasonic input signals, the Magnetic Resonance Amplifier (MRA) produces usable direct current power at levels above unity. This circuit is based upon the work and theories of John Ernst Worrell Keely, and is offered into the public domain in his memory.
Introduction Without lengthy discussion about the aether, tetrahedral geometric aggregate resonance or the Rule of Nines, it is possible to understand this circuit as basically a tuned magnetic and quartz amplifier.
However, it was necessary to study those subjects in order to design and build the MRA, so if you want to fully realize how it works, avail yourself of the files on KeelyNet which contain all of that and much more.
In the MRA schematic below, there is a tunable low-power oscillator which supplies a signal to one side of a barium titanate transducer. The opposite side of the transducer is connected to a primary coil which is wrapped around a barium ferrite magnet core. The opposite end of the primary goes back to the oscillator.
A secondary is wrapped around the primary and is connected to an ordinary bridge rectifier, and the output of the bridge is applied to a DC load. A filter capacitor can be used on the output of the bridge, and was used on the MRA which we built. Additionally, a load resistor across the capacitor will keep the output DC from getting too high as the circuit is tuned. We found that a 30 ohm, 10 watt resistor was sufficient.
Once this has been assembled, put a voltmeter across the output resistor to monitor the voltage rise as the circuit is tuned. Adjust the oscillator frequency to provide the highest DC output. During this process, be aware that the voltages across the piezo and the coil will be very much higher than the signal level which you are applying. We have seen combined voltages of almost 1,000 volts AC with only 30 volts AC of signal input.
When the circuit is tuned, the magnet will be "singing" at around 8,000 to 11,000 Hz. If the piezo sings, you are exceeding its power capabilities and will need to reduce the number of turns on your primary. The frequency that resonates both the piezo and the magnet at optimum resonance will be three times (three octaves above) the frequency at which the magnet is singing.
To test the circuit, place a precision, high wattage, low ohm resistor in series with the output from the oscillator to the piezo, and measure the voltage drop. It should be very small, less than 0.1 volt AC. Use this value to determine current in the series circuit, and then calculate power.
Once the circuit is in operation, you will note that the voltage will vary by 0.1 volt DC or more, depending upon the time of day. This is due to the nature of etheric forces inherent in the Earth's magnetic field. Watch for peak voltage at or before sunrise.
In our circuit, we measured 0.084 volt AC drop across a 2 ohm series resistor, for a total of 0.685 W dissipation in the primary. With this, we attained 2.75 W of output power and used this to drive a lamp and a motor. Increasing the signal voltage had the effect of decreasing the primary current while boosting output power, thus improving the power gain ratio. We believe that larger power systems can be built by using larger coils, more piezos, and a lower frequency, as long as the aggregate combination is within the resonant frequency range of the components.
The MRA is essentially a means of releasing the electrical energy stored in magnets. As such, it is an AC battery with DC output. It can be used for a portable, self-charging power supply with a solid state oscillator and rechargeable battery. For those who want a synopsis of the technology, the following paragraphs are offered, but it is strongly suggested that you follow up this reading with a more thorough study of the KeelyNet files.
Matter = Energy. To change matter, change the energy. Creation of a magnet is achieved by a process which causes the matter to be both expanded and compressed at the same time, with the result that a magnet is in a constant state of collapse. This is why magnets attract material with similar lattice structures, as they attempt to fill the energy void which created them. The "domains" of the magnet are fixed after the process of magnetization, and the only way to extract electrical energy is to physically spin a coil relative to a magnet.
However, it is also possible to induce ((virtual rotation by applying the resonant frequency of the magnet, which causes the lattices and the domains to vibrate. However, the power required to do this is greater than the energy released by the virtual rotation. Therefore it is necessary to increase the vibration without using excessive current.
The piezo has a virtually inexhaustible supply of free electrons, and it releases them when it is stressed. Using the piezo in series with the primary coil will almost eliminate primary current, because it is voltage which stresses the piezo, not current. Therefore the piezo can be stressed with very little actual power, and provide the current to the primary coil which vibrates the domains of the magnet.
The piezo is the catalyst for the circulating current with the primary coil. The circulating current is additive, and this is the reason for the high potentials developed across both the piezo and the primary coil.
It is at this point that resonance becomes important. You must have three octaves of separation between the magnet resonant frequency and the signal supplied to the piezo. The circulating currentis rich in harmonics, and this is necessary for the operation of the circuit.
Although the circuit is simple, it utilizes the concepts of phi, of virtual rotation, of tetrahedral geometry, piezo and transformer theory, and electrical knowledge. It is not suggested as a beginner project, because of the high voltages present. For engineers and technicians of experience, it may be difficult to accept that the MRA is above unity. The ramifications are enormous. Hopefully, it will help to build a better world.
The MRA is a series resonant LC circuit in which power gain is attainable as a result of the increase in effective impedance under certain operating conditions. When the series impedance increases, primary current is reduced. When the power available from the secondary coil either remains the same or increases as the primary circuit impedance increases, a power gain occurs. This is not possible with a series resonant circuit made of conventional materials. Even unity power transfer is considered to be unattainable as a result of accumulated losses in the components, which are passive (reactive) devices. Materials and construction methods are chosen for these components based upon the type of application and frequency to be applied, with the goal of minimizing losses. A typical capacitor with polyethylene dielectric has a dielectric constant of 2.3 times that of air. Air has a constant of 1.0, and is the basis for comparison. Titanium dioxide, however, has a dielectric constant maximum of 170, and a corresponding power factor of only 0.0006, comparable with polyethylene, so that the dissipation of primary current in the dielectric is extremely low. This is where the comparison ends, because the titanium composite "capacitor" is also a piezoelectric device as well as an excellent capacitor. Heat adversely affects the power factor of most dielectric materials. Titanium zirconate, however, contains polar molecules which rotate as thermal pressure is applied. This rotation increases the dielectric constant if the frequency applied is equal to or lower than the resonant frequency of the dielectric. At series resonance, the rotation of polar molecules contributes to heat; as the dielectric constant increases, a corresponding release of free electrons occurs, as a direct result of the piezoelectric properties of the device. In application, the MRA is tuned at resonance for maximum power transfer, then detuned slightly for maximum power gain. This relates directly to the use of thermal pressure at resonance, and the effect that this has on continued polar rotation and the release of donor electrons. The coil, or primary of the MRA is a magnetic core which, relative to the fixed capacitance of the piezo, is a tuned permeability device. This is often used in RF devices to attain a stable resonant frequency. Magnetic materials are chosen based upon the operating characteristics of the intended application to reduce eddy currents in the operating range. In these applications, the resonant frequency of the magnet itself is avoided, as this would "beat" with the oscillating current. However, in the MRA, this is the exact effect which we want. The barium ferrite magnet resonates audibly at frequencies which are harmonics of the series resonant frequency. The effect of this in a typical audio application is called harmonic distortion, and is not desirable, but once again, in the MRA, this is what we want to occur. There is energy in the harmonics, and this energy serves to both counter eddy losses as well as to oppose primary current flow, while contributing to circulating current within the resonant circuit. The net effect of this, is that when the MRA is detuned, harmonics of the audible frequency "beat" with primary current, opposing its flow, while the increase in circulating current couples more power to the secondary, and therefore to the load. This is how the power gain is attained, basically by considering the naturally occuring harmonics as beneficial instead of as undesirable effects to be filtered out. When the MRA is detuned, the effective impedance increases as seen by the source, while the power available to the load decreases in less proportion. This is measurable by using resistive equivalent circuit testing. However, the detuning is load dependent, and slight adjustments are required if the load requirement is greater than the power band of a harmonic interaction. After retuning, the power to the load will increase in quantum intervals as the circulating current is reinforced by the reaction of the permeable magnet core. This will be seen as slight incremental voltage increases across the load device. Once the magnet is "ringing", it's frequency and therefore harmonics remain stable, as long as the series resonant range is not exceeded. Therefore, the detuning affects the piezo only, and the circulating current increase is a result of the phase relationship between the harmonic and the source. Voltage amplification is seen across the primary, measurably higher than the source voltage, and this is "seen" by the secondary. This is not the same thing as a power gain, because the power gain is a direct result of effective impedance. It should also be noted that the term "virtual rotation" has been applied in describing the operation of the MRA. The comparison is made with a generator, in which relative motion occurs between a coil and magnet. Rather than use physical energy to rotate a mass, the MRA uses resonance to rotate the energy. This is seen in the polar rotation of the piezo dielectric as well as in the molecular energy occuring in the reactive component of the magnet, ie, the ringing. The lattice structures of the piezo and magnet are compatible for virtual rotation, and the materials complement each other electrically. In the past, researchers have noted many effects which occur at aggregate resonance, which typically includes a range of three octaves. Anomalous energy gains were referred to as "aetheric". The aether was believed to exist outside of the three physical dimensions, and could be "tapped" for free energy at resonance. Aetheric energy is said to be limitless, but to vary locally with increases in earth magnetic fields at sunset and sunrise, like the tides of an infinite ocean. This effect is not thoroughly understood, but has been observed in the MRA, as increases in output in the early morning, and decreases in the early evening. This is still being studied. Experimentation will determine the optimum MRA design for a specific range of applications.
Vanguard Note The use of Lenz Law (back EMF) is legend in free energy circuits. When the back EMF is reversed and phase matched to the forward EMF, you have an increase in efficiency because of the reduction of eddy current heating through the addition of the previously wasted power. This is generally understood to apply primarily to magnetic flux, yet because frequency is involved, phase conjugate principles play a major part. Phase conjugation applies to all frequencies regardless of the type of energy being used. Harmony (constructive interference) and dissonance (destructive interference) are controlled using phasing and frequency relationships. If the rhythmic energy flowing through the mass is made resonant to the mass aggregate resonance, you further reduce the resistance and impedance, thereby achieving unity and in some cases overunity. Most people want clean and simple circuits. These would not entail physical motion or large inductive masses as are encountered in orthodox generators. The MRA circuit fits this approach very nicely because it does not involve moving mass, but rather moving energy harmoniously to produce energy. Further information on the MRA, its operational characteristics, correlations and updates will be provided as they are documented.
New ZPE Breakthru - Magnetic Resonance Amplifier by Joel McClain & Norman Wootan Please NOTE: This is a preliminary report that will be followed by updates with more detail. Future versions will include various measurements of the components used in the circuit that is currently running. From all appearances at this date, the circuit components will simply give varying outputs and do not appear to be all that critical. It was felt that this information should be released to the public as rapidly as possible, rather than risk loss of the information or the demo by 'circumstances' beyond our control. There have been too many discoveries which have disappeared by not being openly shared. We would rather risk being 'flamed' by other experimenters who actually BUILD THE CIRCUIT than take the chance of the information being lost by keeping it within a select group. Our two primary fears are that someone will attempt to patent what is intended to be a gift to humanity, possibly with an intent to profit from others work or to lock it away, the other that it might be suppressed in some other fashion. Therefore, the widest possible distribution is requested, and duplication attempted wherever possible. At the time of this correction to the original file, we have confirmation as to the numbers and others are working on the circuit on their own. Please take this information in the spirit of how it is given, as a gift to humanity. The inventors are Joel McClain and Norman Wootan. You can contact them via KeelyNet or directly. The circuit is being tested at various levels and attempts at duplication are under way. At this point, there is only one circuit. We will openly post other successful duplications or failures. Please feel free to try it yourself. The cost is minimal. One other point, the crystal transducer was thought to be barium titanate and there is reason to believe it is in fact titanium zirconate. These are disc shaped, about 3" in diameter with a 1" diameter hole in the center. The disc is about 3/8" thick and is coated with silver on both sides. Thank you for your open- mindedness. They are advertised in the back of many electronics magazines for about $5 each. We have access to a small stock and might offer them for experiments should people ask for them. Good luck, and SEIZE THE DAY!
Vangard Note This device incorporates power multiplication principles using multiple resonances as claimed by Keely and Hendershot. It also corresponds in some ways with Floyd Sweet's VTA and Joe Parr's energy spheres from pyramids. Joel called Sunday night in an excited state. He and Norman took turns explaining what they had achieved using this circuit. The power input measurements were about 600mWatts and yet the circuit was generating about 2.5 Watts on the output. Norman hooked up a DC motor and he said it was spinning like crazy in addition to a light bulb glowing brightly. Norman was laughing and said they'd beat Harold Puthoffs' One Watt Challenge as issued at the 1994 ISNE conference in Denver. This has created quite a bit of excitement and Puthoff now has a faxed copy of the circuit. No doubt it will be everywhere in a very short time. The hope by Joel and Norman is that others will duplicate the initial effect and be able to expand on it to derive useful power. Sweet claimed something on the order of 1:3,000,000 over-unity. The input power to his device was 10 VAC at 29 uamps (290mWatts). The output had been loaded to as high as 3,000 Watts. The initial MRA circuit is something on the order of 1:5 and is believed to be scalable. Joel says the coil he had wound around the barium ferrite magnet was not in the least precision and he is of the mind that a huge coil surrounding the magnet will produce a proportional increase in power. Early talks with various KeelyNetters about the Sweet circuit led many of us to believe that Barium, when excited, rings for a long time when the exciter is removed. At the ISNE conference, Don Watson confirmed this with his analogy of glowing luciferase as found in fireflys or other phosphorescent materials. A weak stimulation continues to produce light for a time after the stimulation is removed. So, here is a wonderful opportunity to build a pioneering device. If you have questions or suggestions, you may direct them to Joel McClain or Norman Wootan at KeelyNet. I think they both need to be commended for their willingness to share what many would keep proprietary or die with the secret.