Gustave Le Bon

Gustave Le Bon

(click to enlarge)

"The masses have never thirsted after truth. Whoever can supply them with illusions is easily their masters; whoever attempts to destroy their illusions is always their victim." [Gustave Le Bon, 1841-1931]

“Are the worst enemies of society those who attack it or those who do not even give themselves the trouble of defending it?” [Gustave Le Bon]

Charles-Marie Gustave Le Bon; 7 May 1841 – 13 December 1931) was a French polymath whose areas of interest included anthropology, psychology, sociology, medicine, invention, and physics. He is best known for his 1895 work The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind, which is considered one of the seminal works of crowd psychology.

A native of Nogent-le-Rotrou, Le Bon qualified as a doctor of medicine at the University of Paris in 1866. He opted against the formal practice of medicine as a physician, instead beginning his writing career the same year of his graduation. He published a number of medical articles and books before joining the French Army after the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War. Defeat in the war coupled with being a first-hand witness to the Paris Commune of 1871 strongly shaped Le Bon's worldview. He then travelled widely, touring Europe, Asia and North Africa. He analysed the peoples and the civilisations he encountered under the umbrella of the nascent field of anthropology, developing an essentialist view of humanity, and invented a portable cephalometer during his travels.

In the 1890s, he turned to psychology and sociology, in which fields he released his most successful works. Le Bon developed the view that crowds are not the sum of their individual parts, proposing that within crowds there forms a new psychological entity, the characteristics of which are determined by the "racial unconscious" of the crowd. At the same time he created his psychological and sociological theories, he performed experiments in physics and published popular books on the subject, anticipating the mass–energy equivalence and prophesising the Atomic Age. Le Bon maintained his eclectic interests up until his death in 1931. Wikipedia, Gustave Le Bon

Books, Papers Published a paper in 1896 revealing the dissociation of matter and intra-atomic energy. [citation needed] The Evolution of Matter, 1907 - details of his earlier experiments with dissociation of matter.

See Also

Atomic Dissociation
Chemical Equilibrium
dark energy
Dark Light
Dark Matter
Figure 2.19 - Matter formed from Dark and Light
Figure 3.21 - Vortex or Gyroscopic Motions as Conflicts or Antagonisms between Light and Dark
Figure 3.22 - Vortex or Gyroscopic Motions as Conflicts or Antagonisms between Light and Dark Zones
Figure 3.23 - Vortex or Gyroscopic Motions as Conflicts or Antagonisms between Light and Dark Zones
interatomic vibration
intra-atomic energy
Law of Atomic Dissociation
Law of Chemical Dissociation
Le Bons General Law
Molecular Dissociation
Propositions of Force and Matter - Le Bon
Splitting Atoms and Molecules
splitting the atom - Keely
15.03 - Questions Concerning Dissociation
15.05 - Relative Diameters in Dissociation
15.14 - Dissociation Liberates Spontaneous Energy
15.15 - Progressive Dissociation
15.20 - Dissociation Frequency
15.21 - Water Dissociation Demonstration

Created by Dale Pond. Last Modification: Wednesday July 22, 2020 15:50:02 MDT by Dale Pond.