In chemistry, homolysis (from Greek á½…Î¼Î¿Î¹Î¿Ï‚, homoios, "equal," and Î»ÏÏƒÎ¹Ï‚, lusis, "loosening") or homolytic fission is chemical bond dissociation of a neutral molecule generating two free radicals. That is, two electrons that are involved in the bond are distributed one by one to the two species. Each of the two covalently shared (see covalent bond) electrons are withdrawn by the bonded atoms.
Such reactions can be induced by irradiation in the UV region, diffused sunlight or peroxide. High temperatures in the absence of oxygen (pyrolysis) can also induce homolytic elimination of carbon compounds.