Yellow journalism, or the yellow press, is a type of journalism that presents little or no legitimate well-researched news and instead uses eye-catching headlines to sell more newspapers. Techniques may include exaggerations of news events, scandal-mongering, or sensationalism. By extension, the term yellow journalism is used today as a pejorative to decry any journalism that treats news in an unprofessional or unethical fashion. Wikipedia, Yellow Journalism
Today it is called Fake News.
“Nothing can now be believed which is seen in a newspaper…Truth itself becomes suspicious by being put into that polluted vehicle.” [President Thomas Jefferson]